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Salvia

  • Pitcher Sage or Prairie Sage (Salvia pitcheri, or azurea)
    Native to N. American prairies
    Plant type: Herbaceous perennial
    Wildlife: Hummingbird nectar; Deer resistant
    Habit: Tall growing (4-6') in the wild, but can be kept much tidier & fuller (3' X 3') by pruning often, especially after long bloom period. Prefers full sun, will tolerate some partial shade.
    Bloom: Starts blooming in early-mid summer until frost. Bloom color is a brilliant periwinkle blue that blends well with many other colors in the perennial border. We often use this salvia w/ coral s. greggii & yellow bells or other yellow blooms.
    Foliage: Narrow gray-green leaves


  • Bi Color Sage (Salvia sinaleoensis)
    Plant type: Herbaceous perennial
    Wildlife: Hummingbird nectar; Deer resistant
    Habit: Low growing (1'x1'); spreads by running rootstock, but not invasively; prune after heavy bloom, to shape & after frost. Prefers some afternoon shade, will tolerate full sun.
    Bloom: Brilliant blue flower spikes
    Foliage: in full sun foliage darkens, in shade it is greener thus the name bi color.
    Comments: Good for containers, excellent border plant mixed w/ Pink Scullcap


  • Indigo Spires (Salvia 'indigo spires')
    Plant type: Herbaceous perennial
    Wildlife: Butterfly nectar (esp. for fall Monarch migration); Deer resistant
    Habit: Large perennial to 4'X3-4'; Prefers full sun, will tolerate some part shade; prune after heavy bloom and to maintain full shape; cut to 3-4' after frost.
    Bloom: Indigo blue spikes begin in early summer & persist till frost.
    Foliage: Large leaf is lush looking.
    Comments: Nice alone as an accent or especially lovely mixed w/ antique roses Duchesse De Brabandt &/or Cramoisi Superieur.


  • Mountain Sage (Salvia regala)
    Plant type: Deciduous shrub
    Wildlife: Very important hummingbird food source for the fall migration into Mexico through the Chisos Mtns. Fairly deer resistant in most cases.
    Habit: This plant can reach 6' in the wild, but more likely to be only 4' or so in the garden & easily pruned to a more manageable size throughout the growing season since bloom will not be until late summer. Pruning also keeps branches stronger for the weight of blooms to come.
    Bloom: Rather large orangey-red blooms late summer frost. Blooms remain close to the branch instead of long spikes of most salvias.
    Foliage: Small, glossy heart shaped leaves.


  • Majestic Sage (Saliva guaranitica)
    Plant type: Herbaceous perennial
    Wildlife: Hummingbird nectar; Deer resistant
    Habit: Lush looking salvia due to large full leaf; will take full sun to part shade very adaptable. Can reach 5' high, but will be fuller and bloom more if kept pruned to 3' or so. Spreads by a running rootstock and can reach 4-5' wide if allowed.
    Bloom: Beautiful large flowers on long spikes. Colors range from pale blue 'Argentine skies' to deep blue and even purple.
    Foliage: Large heart-shaped leaves make for a very lush looking plant. Very fragrant
    Comments: Variety 'Black & Blue' makes a wonderful accent w/ black calyx very striking and unusual.


  • Bog Sage (Salvia uliginosa)
    Plant type: Herbaceous perennial
    Wildlife: hummingbird nectar; deer resistant.
    Habit: Wide range, but as name says, will tolerate very boggy conditions as well as drier. Prefers afternoon shade, at least part, but will tolerate full sun. Will reach 3-6'H X 3-4' W. Spreads by running rootstock. Keep in check by pruning after heavy bloom.
    Bloom: sky blue & white blooms from early summer frost.
    Foliage: Thin arrow shaped leaves, very aromatic.
    Comments: Bright color for afternoon shade; very graceful when blowing in the wind.


  • Salvia Darcyi
    Plant type: Herbaceous perennial
    Wildlife: Hummingbird nectar
    Habit: Mounding growth to 3X3. Prefers full sun, will tolerate part shade; trim after heavy bloom and to keep shape. Prune to 3-4' after frost.
    Bloom: Lone spikes of coral-red flowers from summer til frost. This color red will blend with which ever red group it is planted with (ie; oranges or magentas)
    Foliage: Deltoid shaped, very fragrant; feels sticky due to small hairs.
    Comments: Nice shape looks soft in the perennial bed.


  • Fushcia Sage (Salvia iodantha)
    Plant type: Herbaceous perennial
    Wildlife: Hummingbird nectar
    Habitat: 3X4 in garden, possibly larger. Sun to partial shade.
    Bloom: Magenta flowers in late fall.
    Foliage: Mainly grown for foliage with deep purple undertones.


  • Big Red Sage (Salvia penstemonoides)
    TX native, blooms tall spikes, wine color; hummingbird; some pm shade


  • Belize Sage (S. miniata)
    Plant type: Tender tropical
    Wildlife: Hummingbird nectar
    Habit: Due to tenderness best kept in containers; prefers pm shade & plenty of moisture; native to Belize, Mexico
    Bloom: deep red flower spikes
    Foliage: large glossy leaves
    Comments: Can be planted in the garden, but should be lifted in winter, or cuttings made for the next year.
    Containers do well in pm shade w/ other blooming perennials.