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Briefly, botany is the study of plant biology, and would include subjects such as plant anatomy and physiology, and taxonomy, also known as systematics, which is the study of plant classification: in other words, plant names.
Horticulture is study of plant "culture," or, how to GROW plants. A good botanical training helps with understanding how to grow and cultivate plants, so both fields are important to plant-lovers.
But gardening enthusiasts usually choose to focus on horticultural aspects of plant growth, learning about botany as they go.