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Native American Seeds Holistic Wildlife Habitat

air date: September 28, 2013

Why is it important to plant a holistic habitat? Bill Neiman from Native American Seed explains how to make a difference in your water bill, native beauty, and to our wildlife. On tour in Temple, Mary Lew and David Quesinberry exchanged flat lawn for a new perspective, for them and the wildlife. Daphne explains why jalapeno and serrano peppers turn red. Her pick of the week is native clumping grass, Lindheimer muhly, a standout that protects and feeds wildlife. Trisha Shirey answers: which vegetables should I start from seeds or transplants?

Episode Segments

On Tour

Habitat Garden in Temple

In Temple, Texas, Bell County Master Gardener Mary Lew Quesinberry and husband David wanted wildlife and low-water plants instead of lawn. Also, they wanted adventure, discovery, and dimension. See how they moved native boulders to create platforms over winding granite paths, natural screens for privacy, coves for family fun, and plants that bring wildlife antics right up close.

Watch more "On Tour" videos on YouTube →

Question of the Week

My jalapeno and serrano peppers are turning red. Is that okay?

Is it a problem with your jalapeno plants when your fruits turn red? No, it’s just natural. If you’re growing jalapenos for the first time, or you’ve never lost track of harvesting them and let them go too long, you may not have noticed that a natural development of these fruit is the reddening when they actually ripen. They are fine and still quite edible.

Normally we harvest them green, which stops their development, because they’re much more tender and tasty at this stage. But if left on the vine, they do indeed turn red and begin to dry out, the way any seed pod does. Because we’re usually interested in eating the flesh of the pepper, we don’t want it to dry out, so we harvest them green, while the flesh is still nice and juicy. And if allowed to ripen, that valuable flesh begins to dry-up and the flavor changes.

You may see red-flesh jalapenos sold in the market, but more often you won’t: most red jalapenos are dried, smoked, and given a completely new name: chipotle. Chipotle peppers are used in cooking to provide a unique smoky flavor, and not the heat normally associated with jalapenos. So if your jalapenos are turning red before you can harvest them, that’s just a sign that you need to eat more jalapenos, or that you need to experiment with creating some chipotles.

Watch more Question of the Week videos on YouTube →

Plant of the Week

Lindheimer’s Muhly

Lindheimer’s Muhly

Muhlenbergia lindheimeri

This gorgeous ornamental grass is native only in the Edwards Plateau region of Central Texas, but has become widely used in the nursery trade. And for good reason: the sharp bluish-gray foliage and seed heads create a striking addition to any garden. These perennial ornamentals look especially at home in a xeriscape, planted with other low water-use plants like blackfoot daisy and Copper Canyon daisies. The plant itself gets only 2 to 3 feet tall and wide, but once it's in bloom, the flowers spikes can extend that another 2 to 3 feet. Since they fill in quite nicely all the way to the ground, Lindheimer's muhly, also known as big muhly, creates a very nice screen when planted in a hedge row. Big muhly is native to dry prairies and rocky outcrops, but it can tolerate a little extra moisture if rainfall is high and your soil is a bit heavy. It easily thrives in the full, hot sun with very little water, so once established, you can virtually ignore this plant. The native species have lovely pale-gray inflorescences, which are called panicles in grasses. Improved varieties with pale yellow and even reddish panicles are also available. One of the most popular is 'Regal Mist,' with deep pinkish-red flower spikes that develop in the late summer and add color to the garden into early winter, when most plants are going dormant and their color is fading. The fine, uniquely colored foliage also adds textural interest to the garden, in addition to color. Place big muhly in conspicuous areas of the garden, near walkways or in borders, and allow it to shine as sculptural element, all year long. In winter, it will go dormant. Do leave it as long as you can, because it provides protection for overwintering butterflies and other creatures. In February, go ahead and cut it back to make way for new growth. Toss the old leaves in the compost pile. Very quickly, birds will gather them to line their nests

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